Tag Archives: butterflies

Attracting Hummingbirds

These tiny creatures, most of them weighing in around 3 grams, bring huge joy to many of us in the summer.  If you’re like me, then you want to continue to attract these creatures.  To accomplish this, you should not only provide them an ample food source but also you should consider their shelter and nesting needs as well.

Food sources are very important to hummingbirds.  With a high metabolism, the ability to flap their wings up to 53 times per second and their flight speed of 27 mph are all reasons why they eat their body weight in nectar daily and can eat up to 2,000 insects a day.  That’s quite an appetite!  So, let’s look at a few ways to assure they can obtain their two main food sources:

Two Food Sources:

  1. Nectar

Hummingbirds have two main sources for receiving their nectar nourishment: through flowers and nectar feeders.

Flowers-Planting native flowers, shrubs and vines that are colored orange, pink or red with tubular flowers are most popular as a nectar source.  Plant for constant blooming all season as this will give an uninterrupted nectar source for the hummingbirds.

Nectar Feeders– Proper care of nectar feeders is needed to assure for a healthy nectar source for the hummingbirds.  Be prepared to clean the feeder every 2-3 days by discarding old nectar and disassembling the feeder.  Scrub with hot water and a bottle brush to remove deadly fungus.  Do not use honey in the feeder as this creates a deadly virus for hummingbirds.  You can buy nectar just about anywhere you purchase your feeder.  You can also make your own sugar water solution.  The National Audubon Society recommends a recipe of boiling a mixture of 1 part sugar with 3 parts water.  Microwave boiling isn’t recommended because it molecularly alters the nutritional value.  Be sure to refrigerate any leftovers.  Adding red food coloring is not recommended.

Location is important for the nectar feeders.  They should be placed in a shady, open area to prevent the premature spoiling of the nectar and ease of access for our feathered friends.

       2.    Insects

Providing a natural environment for insects to congregate is way of assuring a food source for the hummingbirds.  In a natural setting, weed patches are native habitat for insects.  Obviously if you live in a subdivision or other areas where this is unacceptable, consider planting native plants that insects are attracted to, such as: purple coneflower and bee balm.  They are also visually appealing, and butterflies love them as well.   Trees that bear fruit are another way to attract insects.  It might be practical to hang a nectar feeder from this fruit tree to further increase your chances of attracting more hummingbirds.


Hummingbirds build nests using soft-lined plants such as pussy willow flowers and the fluffy seeds from dandelion and thistle, among others.  They take shelter in trees.


Just like any other creature, hummingbirds have predators including: housecats, preying mantis, snakes, to name a few.

Other Considerations
  • Avoid Pesticides which can be ingested by the hummingbirds that eat infested insects.  Instead, encourage the hummingbirds to be your natural insect control.
  • Provide a water source for bathing.  Just like other birds, hummingbirds like to bathe in shallow water, a water mister or a small waterfall.
  • Know your region’s migratory dates for native hummingbirds.  This will allow you to provide your feathered friends a welcoming nectar source after their long journey.  There are several hummingbird migration maps available.  Here is a website that has several such maps for the ruby-throated and the rufous hummingbird.  These maps, which are updated weekly, give the dates of when the hummingbirds were spotted.

Attracting Butterflies


Attracting butterflies to your yard can be a very rewarding experience.  I enjoy seeing their presence in my yard every year.  I actually snapped the above picture in one of my gardens.  Understanding a butterfly’s transformational stages will help you to successfully attract these beautiful creatures.  In order to create an environment that will attract and encourage the reproduction of butterflies, you should include plants that serve both their food and shelter needs for all of the four stages of the butterfly’s life. 

For starters, adult butterflies need the proper native plants to lay their eggs upon, as this plant usually serves as the food source for the emerging caterpillar.   When the caterpillar is full grown, it will transition into a pupa or chrysalis.  This cocoon-like stage requires some sort of protection (depending on the species) in the form of a branch, leaves or even underground.  After emerging from this state, the adult butterfly will need nourishment in the form of nectar-providing native plants as it prepares for reproduction. 

Important Details:

  • Feeding the butterfly caterpillars-Since there are very few native species of plants that caterpillars will eat, it’s important to provide their preferred plants (host plants) for the particular species of caterpillar in your area.  Native plants are very important because the caterpillars in your area have evolved with these plants over many years.
  • Feeding the butterflies-These nectar-bearing plants should receive full sun as most butterflies feed in the sun.  Additionally, butterflies are most generally attracted to red, yellow, purple, orange and pink flowers.  Be sure to research the plants that are native to your area.
  • Plant for constant blooming all season- Plant your natives so that there is a continuous, uninterrupted nectar source for the butterflies.  This assures nourishment all season long.
  • Avoid insecticides- These poisons are specifically made to kill insects.
  • Proper shelter in the form of trees and bushes can satisfy several needs for the butterfly.  The first being is that it can provide a place for the pupa’s transitional stage.  This shelter can also serve as a safe place of rest for the butterfly at night, as they tend to sleep on the underside of leaves, in trees, etc.
  • Provide a sunny area with flat rocks for a resting spot.  Butterflies are cold-blooded insects and rely on their environment for their warming needs.
  • Provide water for their “puddling” needs- The activity of puddling is believed to be a way for butterflies to drink water, and it turn, receive nutrients from the water.  You can simulate this environment by having a damp sandy area located in the sun, or by placing a container filled with wet sand in the ground.  Remember to keep the sand moist.